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[News] Keeping Inflation In Control While Avoiding Political Risks
Posted at: 26 April 2018

Considering oil prices have been strengthening significantly since August 2017, non-subsidized fuel prices have been rising accordingly. Meanwhile, subsidized fuel prices have not been altered. In fact the government announced that prices of subsidized fuels and electricity will not be raised until late-2019, clearly a decision that is politically-motivated and implies more money is needed to spend on energy subsidies. 

There is concern that the Indonesian government's plan to curb price increases of (non-subsidized) fuels in Indonesia will impact negatively on private investors' enthusiasm to invest in Indonesia's oil and gas industry. Earlier this week Arcandra Tahar, Deputy Minister at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, informed that the government wants to regulate prices of fuels in order to keep inflation in check.

While subsidized fuel prices have - for long - been determined by the central government, it now also wants to control prices of non-subsidized fuels by forcing local fuel retailers to request permission from the government first before being allowed to raise prices. The new regulation, which is expected to be implemented soon, would exclude aviation fuel as well as industrial fuels. Fuel retailers that will be affected include Shell, Pertamina, Total, and AKR Corporindo.

Key reason behind this plan is to keep inflation under control. Indonesia's inflation rate accelerated to 3.40 percent year-on-year (y/y) in March 2018, up from 3.18 percent (y/y) in the preceding month (albeit still comfortably within the central bank's target range of 2.5 - 4.5 percent for full-year 2018).

However, the central government is seemingly eager to avoid any risks ahead of the regional elections in 2018 as well as legislative and presidential elections next year. Inflationary pressures would undermine the strength of people's purchasing power, while it also puts pressure on the country's poverty rate. Weaker purchasing power would mean that it becomes even more difficult to push household consumption - which contributes around 56 percent to Indonesia's total economic growth - above the 5 percent (y/y) level. 

This would also mean that it becomes nearly impossible to achieve the 5.4 percent (y/y) GDP growth level that the central government set in the 2018 State Budget (a target that is most likely already too ambitious).

(Source: Indonesia Investment)